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Science Study Guides
Chapter 1                 Chapter 2                 Chapter 3                Chapter 4                Chapter 5                Chapter 6
Chapter 7                 Chapter 8                 Chapter 9               Chapter 10               Chapter 11              Chapter 12
 
 
Kingdoms of Life

 

 

 

Study your vocabulary cards.

 

What are examples of living and nonliving things?

Living:

Nonliving:

 

What is fertilization?

 

What is an epidermis?

 

What do plants use to make food in the process of photosynthesis?

 

Know the order of the words kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, and species. p. 36 in your book

 

What is a life cycle?

 

 

In what ways are a wolf and a dog classified the same and different?

 

Essay:

Describe fungi and how they are classified.

 

What might happen to an organism if it stopped carrying out just one of its five basic life functions?

 

Be able to classify an organism based on the characteristics found on the chart on page 35 in your text book.  For example for a tulip you would say that it has many cells, it has a nucleus, it can make its own food, and it cannot move from place to place.

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The Animal Kingdom
 

 

Study your vocabulary cards.

 

Know some examples of vertebrates and invertebrates.

vertebrates 

invertebrates

 

Know what a cartilaginous fish is and an example of one.

 

What is the job of the respiratory system?

 

 

What is the job of the circulatory system?

 

How does the sea star reproduce?   

How does the penguin reproduce?

   

What is a cnidarian and what is an example of one?

 

Are a shark and a goldfish a vertebrate or invertebrate?

 

What is budding?

 

Essay:

Describe the feature that is used to group the animal kingdom into two main groups.  What are these groups called?

 

What might happen to a vertebrate animal if its digestive system stopped working?

 

Given a diagram of the life cycle of the butterfly, be able to label each of the five stages.

 
 
Exploring Ecosystems
 

Study your vocabulary cards.

 

What are herbivores?

 

What are carnivores?

 

What are some abiotic factors in an ecosystem?

 

What is the largest biome in the world?

 

What are some types of trees that grow in the deciduous forest?

 

Know how energy flows in a food chain and an energy pyramid.

 

 

What is the tundra biome like?  

 

What is the desert biome like?

 

 

Essay:

Given a description of the parts of an ecosystem, be able to identify what type of ecosystem it is.

 

Describe a grassland.

 

Make an ocean food web using shrimp, fish, squid and whales in the web.

  
 
Surviving in Ecosystems
 
 

Study your vocabulary cards.

 

Know some examples of mimicry.

 

How do plants respond to stimuli?

  

What is accommodation and what are some examples of it?

 

Why are pandas endangered?

 

What are some adaptations that camels have made to desert life? 

 

What are some other adaptations animals have made to desert life?

 

What are some adaptations plants have made to desert life?

 

Why do some animals’ fur change color during different seasons of the year?

 

Plants have tropisms to what 5 things?

 

What causes most animals to become endangered in the present time? 

 

Essay:

What changes might occur in a forest ecosystem after a large forest fire?

 

 

What response do most plants have to light, gravity and water?  You need one answer for each stimulus.

 

Explain how camouflage can help an animal survive in its environment.  Give one example of how an animal uses camouflage.


 
Shaping Earth
 
 

Study your vocabulary cards.

 

What are weathering and erosion?

 

What are examples of physical weathering?

 

 Know ways the Earth is changed both rapidly and slowly.

 

 

Know where the outer core, the continental shelf, the continental slope, and the ocean ridge are.

 

 Know some natural disasters that can be caused by storms.

 

What can cause a rock to break apart without changing the rock type?

 

 Essay:

In what ways are physical and chemical weathering alike?  In what ways are they different?  Be able to fill in a chart explaining all of this.

 

Describe the term drainage basin.  What is the result of heavy rains on a river’s drainage basin?

 

Deltas form along some coastlines.  What causes the formation of these deltas?

 
Saving Earth’s Resources
 
Study your vocabulary cards.
 
Describe quartz and diamond.
 
What is luster?
 
Is a mineral’s streak the same color as the mineral?
 
Describe topsoil.
 
Know some examples of renewable and nonrenewable resources.
 
What are reservoirs used for?
 
What causes most air pollution?
 
What are some ways to identify a mineral?
 
Essay:
 
Looking at a time line, be able to describe how granite and basalt are different.
 
Gravity and rushing water remove mineral-rich topsoil from steep slopes, leaving thin layers up on flat lands.  Describe an experiment that would test which soil would be better suited for farming.
 
 
Weather and Climate
 
Study your vocabulary cards.
 
What is humidity?  Where is humidity low?  High?
 
What is evaporation?
 
What usually happens at the boundary between two air masses?
 
What two factors most strongly affect a regions climate?
 
What is the water cycle?  What does the water cycle tell us about the age of water?
 
What are some forms of precipitation?
 
What causes circular patterns in the oceans?
 
What is condensation?
 
What is a moving cold air mass called?
 
Essay:
Using a chart, be able to identify relationships between the items on the chart.  Be able to answer questions about the chart.
 
The climate on one side of a mountain is dry.  What will be the climate on the other side?  Explain why.
 
 
The Solar System and Beyond
 
Study your vocabulary cards.
 
What is apparent motion?   What is an example of apparent motion?
 
Describe the surface of the Moon.
 
What are the inner planets?
 
What is a light-year?
 
What happens during a solar eclipse?
 
What are constellations?
 
What does NASA stand for?
 
How are solar eclipses similar to lunar eclipses?
 
Why do scientists think that there is no water on the Moon?
 
What is the second largest planet?  What is it known for?
 
Essay:
How is the Sun different from other stars?  How is it similar?
 
If a captain of a ship were lost at sea, how could a good understanding of the night sky help her?
 
Could there be life on Neptune?  Why or why not?
  
 
Properties of Matter
 
Study your vocabulary cards.
 
Be able to describe a gas.
 
Know how to calculate the density of an object.
 
Know the meaning of the terms matter, buoyancy, weight, length, physical property, and volume and be able to apply them.
 
Be able to compare the density of objects.
 
Essay:
What might happen to a solid with a melting point of 100 degrees if it were dropped in boiling water?
 
How is the area of a rectangle calculated?
 
Describe the physical properties of a gas.  How does a gas compare to a liquid?
 
 
Matter and its Changes
 
Study your vocabulary cards.
 
Be able to identify examples of physical and chemical changes.
 
Know the terms solution, mixture, distillation, and condensation.
 
What is a chemical change?
 
What are settling and filtration used for?
 
Be able to apply the meaning of the terms tarnish, chemical change, evaporation, and acid.
 
Understand the effects of boiling, melting, cooling, freezing, and evaporation.
 
Essay:
Think of a physical and chemical change.  Fill in a chart provided with the cause and effect of each change.  Explain your answers.
 
A student fills a salad bowl with carrots, tomatoes, peppers, and lettuce.  Is this a mixture, a solution, or a compound?  How do you know?
 
 
Forces
 
Study your vocabulary cards.
 
How can you determine the speed of an object?
 
Be able to describe friction.
 
How do scientists define the term work?
 
Be able to give some examples of simple and compound machines.
 
Understand what energy is, types of energy, how it changes form, and how it can be transferred from one object to another.
 
What force is used to do work?
 
Understand the changes in energy that occur on a roller coaster ride.
 
Essay:
Given some things that a speed skater does while racing around a track, be able to identify when these forces are used:  acceleration, friction, and inertia.
 
List two or more simple machines from daily life.  How would the world be different without these simple machines?
 
 
 
Energy
 
Study your vocabulary cards.
 
Know the speed at which sound travels in various objects.
 
What is conduction?
 
How does a concave lens affect light?
 
How does an electric motor change energy?
 
What is a turbine?
 
Know the terms voltage, electromagnetic current, alternating current, and direct current.
 
What are some uses of concave lenses and  convex lenses?
 
How are a fuse box and a circuit breaker similar?
 
Be able to compare pitch in commonly heard sounds.
 
Understand the terms refraction, radiation, contraction, and convection.
 
Essay:
Using a chart describing a balloon with a variety of charges, be able to identify and explain why it sometimes sticks to other objects and why at other times it does not.  Understand how the balloon can change from a neutral charge to a negative charge and back to neutral again.
 
How are reflection and refraction different?  Give an example of each.
 
Three identical glasses of hot water have three objects place in them-a silver spoon, a plastic spoon, and a wooden spoon.  These are allowed to sit for five minutes.  Which of the spoons will be the warmest after five minutes?  Why?
 
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